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Study This. Ruth 1. Judges 21 Ruth 2. Footnotes: Ruth Traditionally judged Ruth Naomi means pleasant. Ruth Mara means bitter. Ruth Hebrew Shaddai ; also in verse 21 Ruth Or has testified against. Bible Gateway Recommends. View More Titles. Advance your knowledge of Scripture with this resource library of over 40 reference books, including commentaries and Study Bible notes.
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5 Lessons Women Can Learn from Ruth
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Begin reading God's Word ad-free with instant access to your new online study library. After about ten years, the two sons of Naomi also died in Moab Naomi decided to return to Bethlehem. She told her daughters-in-law to return to their own mothers and remarry. Orpah reluctantly left; however, Ruth said, "Do not urge me to leave you, to turn back and not follow you.
For wherever you go, I will go; wherever you lodge, I will lodge; your people shall be my people, and your God my God. Where you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. Thus and more may the Lord do to me if anything but death parts me from you. The two women returned to Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest, and in order to support her mother-in-law and herself, Ruth went to the fields to glean. As it happened, the field she went to belonged to a man named Boaz , who was kind to her because he had heard of her loyalty to her mother-in-law.
Ruth told Naomi of Boaz's kindness, and she gleaned in his field through the remainder of barley and wheat harvest. Boaz was a close relative of Naomi's husband's family.
He was therefore obliged by the Levirate law to marry Mahlon's widow, Ruth, in order to carry on his family's inheritance. Naomi sent Ruth to the threshing floor at night and told her to go where he slept, and "uncover his feet and lie down. He will tell you what you are to do.
Ruth did so. Boaz asked her who she was, and she replied: "I am your handmaid Ruth. Spread your robe over your handmaid, for you are a redeeming kinsman" NJPS. Boaz blessed her and agreed to do all that is required, and he noted that, "all the elders of my town know what a fine woman you are" NJPS. He then acknowledged that he was a close relative, but that there was one who was closer, and she remained in submission at his feet until she returned into the city in the morning.
Early that day, Boaz went to the city gate to meet with the other male relative before the town elders. The relative is not named: Boaz addresses him as ploni almoni , literally "so and so". The unnamed relative is unwilling to jeopardize the inheritance of his own estate by marrying Ruth, and so relinquished his right of redemption, thus allowing Boaz to marry Ruth. They transferred the property and redeemed it, ratified by the nearer kinsman taking off his shoe and handing it over to Boaz.
Ruth notes for later generations that:. Boaz and Ruth were then married and have a son.
The women of the city celebrate Naomi's joy, for Naomi found a redeemer for her family name, and Naomi takes the child and places it in her bosom. The child is named Obed , who we discover is "the father of Jesse , the father of David" Ruth —17 , that is, the grandfather of King David. The book concludes with an appendix which traces the Davidic genealogy all the way back from Perez , "whom Tamar bore to Judah ", through to Obed, down to David.
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The book does not name its author. The Book of Ruth illustrates the difficulty of trying to use laws given in books such as Deuteronomy as evidence of actual practice. She instructs Ruth to uncover Boaz's feet after he has gone to sleep and lie down.
When Boaz wakes up, surprised to see a woman at his feet, Ruth explains she wants him to redeem and thus marry her. Many modern commentators see sexual allusions in this part of the story, arguing that 'feet' is a euphemism for genitals. Since there was no heir to inherit Elimelech's land, custom required a close relative usually the dead man's brother to marry the widow of the deceased in order to continue his family line Deuteronomy — This relative was called the go'el , the "kinsman-redeemer".
As Boaz is not Elimelech's brother, nor is Ruth his widow, scholars refer to the arrangement here as "Levirate-like". It is resolved through the custom that required land to stay in the family: a family could mortgage land to ward off poverty, but the law required a kinsman to purchase it back into the family Leviticus ff. Boaz meets the near kinsman at the city gate the place where contracts are settled ; the kinsman first says he will purchase Elimelech's now Naomi's land, but, upon hearing he must also take Ruth as his wife, withdraws his offer.
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Boaz thus becomes Ruth and Naomi's "kinsman-redeemer. The book can be read as a political parable relating to issues around the time of Ezra and Nehemiah the 4th century BCE. Scholars have increasingly explored Ruth in ways which allow it to address contemporary issues. Feminists , for example, have recast the story as one of the dignity of labour and female self-sufficiency, and even as a model for lesbian relations, while others have seen in it a celebration of the relationship between strong and resourceful women. Others have criticised it for its underlying, and potentially exploitative, acceptance of a system of patriarchy in which a woman's worth can only be measured through marriage and child-bearing.
Others again have seen it as a book that champions outcast and oppressed peoples.
Who were Ruth and Naomi in the Bible?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the ancient Hebrew religious text. For the 20th-century English language novel, see The Book of Ruth novel.